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Monday, February 20, 2012

Are you sure you're saving enough?

Article:  Are you sure you're saving enough?

After reading the article, please respond to the questions below.

1. When should a young person start saving for the future?

2. Why should a young person start saving instead of spending everything?

3. How much do you think is enough?

Tuesday, February 7, 2012

SSR 2-9-12

Please read the following article and then respond to the three questions at the end.



FOR THE COLUMBUS DISPATCH Friday February 3, 2012 3:33 AM



The Ohio General Assembly passed a law on Feb. 3, 1845, that cleared the way for the formation of the Columbus school district.
Schools had been a part of the community since about 1806, when Franklinton founder Lucas Sullivant built a log schoolhouse for the frontier village’s children.
The city’s schools were privately funded until the 1820s, when the first public schools were established. Those early public schools were hardscrabble affairs that initially used tax money to build schools but assessed parents to operate them.
The first Columbus Board of Education was organized in April 1845. It promptly deeded all school property to the town and, in return, asked the City Council for $700 to run the schools the following year.
The school board also was authorized by the 1845 law to levy a tax on parents if public funds were insufficient to cover expenses. In 1845, parents were assessed 25 cents per child for the year.
About 500 students attended those first school sessions. They were taught by women who were paid $10.50 a month and men who were paid $16.66 a month.
The first board also crafted these rules for elementary school students:
• No tobacco in any form is to be used in or about the school building.
• All vulgar and profane language is strictly forbidden.
• Every scholar is to be clean in person and clothing.
• No boy over 10 years of age is allowed to attend a school taught by a female teacher.
• Any scholar tardy more than 15 minutes is to be sent home for that half day, unless a good excuse is brought by the parent or guardian.
• School begins at 8:30 and closes at 5.
Suggestions for Mileposts that will run this bicentennial year can be sent to: Gerald Tebben, Box 82125, Columbus, OH 43202, or email gtebben@columbus.rr.com.

 

1. Why was the pay for men and women teachers different?
2. In 1845 the parents of students were charged 25 cents per child. How much money did this raise for the school?
3. How have the rules changed since 1845?

SSR 2-7-12


After reading the letter below, please respond to the three questions at the end.

Dayton, Ohio,

August 7, 1865
To My Old Master, Colonel P.H. Anderson, Big Spring, Tennessee
Sir: I got your letter, and was glad to find that you had not forgotten Jourdon, and that you wanted me to come back and live with you again, promising to do better for me than anybody else can. I have often felt uneasy about you. I thought the Yankees would have hung you long before this, for harboring Rebs they found at your house. I suppose they never heard about your going to Colonel Martin's to kill the Union soldier that was left by his company in their stable. Although you shot at me twice before I left you, I did not want to hear of your being hurt, and am glad you are still living. It would do me good to go back to the dear old home again, and see Miss Mary and Miss Martha and Allen, Esther, Green, and Lee. Give my love to them all, and tell them I hope we will meet in the better world, if not in this. I would have gone back to see you all when I was working in the Nashville Hospital, but one of the neighbors told me that Henry intended to shoot me if he ever got a chance.
I want to know particularly what the good chance is you propose to give me. I am doing tolerably well here. I get twenty-five dollars a month, with victuals and clothing; have a comfortable home for Mandy,—the folks call her Mrs. Anderson,—and the children—Milly, Jane, and Grundy—go to school and are learning well. The teacher says Grundy has a head for a preacher. They go to Sunday school, and Mandy and me attend church regularly. We are kindly treated. Sometimes we overhear others saying, "Them colored people were slaves" down in Tennessee. The children feel hurt when they hear such remarks; but I tell them it was no disgrace in Tennessee to belong to Colonel Anderson. Many darkeys would have been proud, as I used to be, to call you master. Now if you will write and say what wages you will give me, I will be better able to decide whether it would be to my advantage to move back again.
As to my freedom, which you say I can have, there is nothing to be gained on that score, as I got my free papers in 1864 from the Provost-Marshal-General of the Department of Nashville. Mandy says she would be afraid to go back without some proof that you were disposed to treat us justly and kindly; and we have concluded to test your sincerity by asking you to send us our wages for the time we served you. This will make us forget and forgive old scores, and rely on your justice and friendship in the future. I served you faithfully for thirty-two years, and Mandy twenty years. At twenty-five dollars a month for me, and two dollars a week for Mandy, our earnings would amount to eleven thousand six hundred and eighty dollars. Add to this the interest for the time our wages have been kept back, and deduct what you paid for our clothing, and three doctor's visits to me, and pulling a tooth for Mandy, and the balance will show what we are in justice entitled to. Please send the money by Adams's Express, in care of V. Winters, Esq., Dayton, Ohio. If you fail to pay us for faithful labors in the past, we can have little faith in your promises in the future. We trust the good Maker has opened your eyes to the wrongs which you and your fathers have done to me and my fathers, in making us toil for you for generations without recompense. Here I draw my wages every Saturday night; but in Tennessee there was never any pay-day for the negroes any more than for the horses and cows. Surely there will be a day of reckoning for those who defraud the laborer of his hire.
In answering this letter, please state if there would be any safety for my Milly and Jane, who are now grown up, and both good-looking girls. You know how it was with poor Matilda and Catherine. I would rather stay here and starve—and die, if it come to that—than have my girls brought to shame by the violence and wickedness of their young masters. You will also please state if there has been any schools opened for the colored children in your neighborhood. The great desire of my life now is to give my children an education, and have them form virtuous habits.
Say howdy to George Carter, and thank him for taking the pistol from you when you were shooting at me.
From your old servant,
Jourdon Anderson



Questions: 
1. Can you find a fact about slavery you didn't know in this letter?

2. Why would the former owner , Mr. Anderson, want the former slave to return to Tennessee?

3. Do you think he should have returned?